Classification of Commercial Ingredients

Vegetarian means that the ingredient does not contain products derived from meat, fish, or fowl. It may include sources from eggs or dairy. Insect secretions, such as honey, are also classified as vegetarian. Vegan means that the item contains no animal products whatsoever. Non-vegetarian means that the ingredient (or substance used to process the ingredient) is derived from meat, fish, or fowl. Or, non-vegetarian can apply to substances, such as proteins or amino acids, derived from animals (including insects), when the collection of those substances necessitated the intentional death of that animal.

In some cases, a few manufacturers told us that they use vegetarian sources. However, we cannot say with certainty that all manufacturers of a given ingredient produce that ingredient in the same way. Thus, we have classified these ingredients as typically vegetarian, typically vegan, typically non-vegetarian or may be non-vegetarian. The classification depends on the degree to which we may conclude from manufacturers’ information that a given ingredient may be vegetarian or vegan. Note that a vegetarian or vegan ingredient may have been tested on animals.

Vegetarian:

acid casein
albumen
beeswax
calcium caseinate
carbohydrate
casein
honey
lactalbumin
lac-resin
lactose
royal jelly
shellac
Simplesse
sodium caseinate

Vegan

Accent
acesulfame K
acesulfame potassium
acetic acid
acid calcium phosphate
acrylate-acrylamide resin
acrylic acid
activated charcoal
agar
agar-agar
algin
alginate
alginic acid
alum
aluminum ammonium
annatto
annatto extract
annatto seed
apple acid
arabic
ascorbic acid
aspartame
autolyzed yeast extract
baking powder
baking soda
beet sugar
bentonite
benzoyl peroxide
BHA
BHT
bicarbonate of soda
bioflavinoids
brewer’s yeast
bromelain
bromelin
butanoic acid
butylated hydroxyanisole
butylated hydroxytoluene
butyric acid
n-butyric acid
calcium biphosphate
calcium carbonate
calcium phosphate
calcium phosphate dibasic
calcium phosphate monobasic
calcium phosphate tribasic
calcium propionate
calcium sulfate
calcium sulfate anhydrous
candelilla wax
caramel color
carboxymethyl-cellulose
carnauba wax
carob bean gum
caroid
carrageenan
caustic soda
cellulose gum
charcoal
Chile saltpeter
chondrus extract
citric acid
CMC
cocoa butter
colophony
corn gluten
corn gluten meal
cream of tartar
cyanocobalamin
DevanSweet
diatomaceous earth
dicalcium phosphate dihydrate
distilled vinegar
Equal
erythorbic acid
essential oil
ethanol
ethyl alcohol
ethyl vanillin
fumaric acid
gluten
grain alcohol
grain vinegar
guar flour
guar gum
guaran
gypsum
hesperidin
hexadienic acid
hexadienoic acid
hydrogen peroxide
Irish moss
isoascorbic acid
Japanese isinglass
kieselguhr
light oil
lime
locust bean gum
maleic acid
malic acid
malt
malt extract
malt sugar
maltodextrin
maltol
maltose
mannitol
methyl paraben
methyl-p-hydroxy-benzoate
mineral oil
molasses
monocalcium phosphate
monosodium glutamate
MSG
natural sugar
nonnutritive sweetener
norbixin
Nutrasweet
nutritional yeast
oleoresin
papain
paprika
paraffin
plaster of Paris
polyacrylomite
polydextrose
polyethylene
potash alum
potassium acid tartrate
potassium bitartrate
potassium hydrogen tartrate
potassium sorbate
potassium sulfate
precipitated calcium phosphate
1,2-propanediol
propanoic acid
propanoic acid, calcium salt
propionic acid
propylene glycol
resin
rice syrup
Rochelle salts
rosin
rutin
saccharin
soda ash
soda lye
sodium acid carbonate
sodium ascorbate
sodium benzoate
sodium benzosulfimide
sodium bicarbonate
sodium carbonate
sodium carboxymethylcellulose
sodium hydrogen carbonate
sodium hydroxide
sodium isoascorbate
sodium nitrate
sodium potassium tartrate
sodium tartrate
sorbic acid
sorbic acid, potassium salt
sorbistat
sorbitan
spirit vinegar
St. John’s bread
Sucanat
succinic acid
Sunette
tartaric acid
textured soy flour
textured soy protein
textured vegetable protein
tricalcium phosphate
turbinado sugar
tumeric
turmeric
TVP
unmodified food starch
unmodified starch
vanilla
vanilla extract
vanillin
vinegar
vinegar, distilled
vital wheat gluten
vitamin B-12
vitamin C
vitamin P complex
washed raw sugar
wheat gluten
wheat isolate
white distilled vinegar
white oil
white vinegar
xanthan gum
yeast autolyzates
zein
Zest

Non-Vegetarian

carmine
carminic acid
cochineal
dripping
gelatin
Hi-Vegi-Lip
hydrogenated tallow
isinglass
keratin
lard
lard oil
pancreatin
pancreatic extract
pepsin
pork fat
pork oil
suet
tallow
tallow flakes
trypsin

Typically Vegetarian

acidulant
alanine
albumin
amino acid
antidusting agent
antioxidant
arginine
artificial flavor
aspartic acid
beta-carotene
biotin
caproic acid
caprylic acid
carotenoid
cholecalciferol
coenzyme
color
corn sugar
curing agent
dextrose
dough conditioner
drying agent
emulsifier
enzyme
fermentation aid
flavor enhancer
foaming agent
fructose
fructose syrup
fruit sugar
glucose
glutamic acid
glycine
hexanoic acid
n-hexanoic acid
humectant
hydroscopic agent
lactase
levulose
malting aid
moisture-retaining agent
moisture-retention agent
natural sugar
n-octanoic acid
oil
pickling agent
protease
Provitamin A
surface acting agent
surface-finishing agent
vitamin B factor
vitamin D
vitamin D-3
water-retaining agent
wax
wetting agent
whey
whipping agent

Typically Vegan

alpha tocopherol
amylase
antimicrobial agent
antispoilant
artificial coloring
butyl lactate
calciferol
calcium pantothenate
chelating agent
diglyceride
disodium inosinate
dough strengthener
ethyl lactate
firming agent
glyceride
glycerin
glycerine
glycerol
high fructose corn syrup
isomerized syrup
lactic acid
lactoflavin
leavener
leavening agent
lecithin
levulose-bearing syrup
maple sugar
maple syrup
monoglyceride
natural coloring
niacin
niacinamide
nicotinamide
nicotinic acid
nutritive sweetener
d-pantothenamide
pantothenic acid
phenylalanine
preservative
pyridoxal
pyridoxamine
pyridoxine
pyridoxine hydrochloride
pyridoxol hydrochloride
reducing agent
riboflavin
riboflavin-5-phosphate
sequestering agent
sodium pantothenate
sodium steoroyl lactylate
sorbitol
stabilizer
surface-active agent
surfactant
thickener
texturizer
thiamin
thiamine
thiamine hydrochloride
thiamine mononitrate
thiamine mononitrite
tocopherol
vitamin
vitamin B-1
vitamin B-2
vitamin B-3
vitamin B-5
vitamin B-6
vitamin B-6 hydrochloride
vitamin D-2
vitamin E
yeast food

May be Non-Vegetarian

activated carbon
adipic acid
anticaking agent
calcium stearate
cane sugar
capric acid
clarifier
clarifying agent
colorose
n-decanoic acid
fat
fatty acid
fining agent
folacin
folic acid
free-flow agent
hexanedioic acid
inversol
invert sugar
invert sugar syrup
magnesium stearate
modified food starch
modified starch
natural flavor
n-octadecanoic acid
Olean
Olestra
polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate
polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monostearate
polysorbate
polysorbate 60
polysorbate 80
processing aid
protein
pteroyl glutamic acid
refined sugar
rennet
rennin
retinol
stearic acid
sucrose
sucrose polyester
sugar
sugar syrup, invert
vitamin A
vitamin A acetate
vitamin A palmitate
vitamin A propionate
wine

Typically Non-Vegetarian

n-hexadecanoic acid
lipase
myristic acid
cis-9-octadecenoic acid
oleic acid
palmitic acid
n-tetradecanoic acid

 

Please read previous individual posts on “Guide To Food Ingredients”  for full details on ingredients above.