Small maple syrup jug with non-functional loop...

Image via Wikipedia

 

magnesium stearate

Commercial source: mineral-vegetable or mineral- animal (cow- or hog-derived).
Used in: candy, sugarless gum, pharmaceutical tablets.
Definition: An additive which may be used as a preservative, or as a substance which blends together ingredients which do not normally blend (such as oil and water).
May Be Non-Vegetarian

maleic acid

Commercial source: synthetic.
Used in: foods containing fats and oils, antihistamines.
Definition: A preservative which is similar in form to malic acid. (See malic acid).
Vegan

malic acid

Also known as: apple acid.
Commercial source: Usually synthetic.
Exists in: many fruits.
Used in: frozen dairy products, beverages, soft drinks, puddings, baked goods, confections, artificially sweetened fruit, jelly and jam preserves, butter, wine.
Definition: An additive used as a flavor or acidifier in foods and drinks.
Vegan

malt

Commercial source: vegetable.
Used in: breakfast cereals, baked goods, pharmaceuticals, confections, ale, beer.
Definition: A substance derived from barley and used widely in the brewing industry.
Vegan

malt extract

Commercial source: vegetable.
Used in: breakfast cereals, baked goods, pharmaceuticals, confections, ale, beer, meat tenderizers.
Definition: A substance obtained from malt and used as a flavor and sweetener.
Vegan

maltodextrin

Commercial source: vegetable.
Used in: candies (particularly chocolate), beverages, crackers, puddings, baked goods.
Definition: A modified food starch which may be used to give body to foods.
Vegan

maltol

Commercial source: vegetable.
Exists in: chicory, cocoa, coffee, cereals, roasted malt.
Used in: artificial flavorings in beverages, ice cream, candy, baked goods, gelatin desserts, chewing gum, and jelly.
Definition: A sugar alcohol which has no flavor of its own but which enhances the flavor of other ingredients.
Vegan

maltose

Also known as: malt sugar.
Commercial source: vegetable.
Used in: baked goods, instant foods, pancake syrup.
Definition: A sugar used in diabetic foods and in brewing.
Vegan

mannitol

Also known as: malt sugar.
Commercial source: vegetable.
Exists in: many plants.
Used in: chewing gum, candy, cereal, sugarless products.
Definition: Derived from seaweed, corn, or sugar, mannitol is a sweet alcohol.
Vegan

Product information: Archer Daniels Midland Co., a producer of mannitol, uses cornstarch to make it

maple sugar

Commercial source: vegetable. Sometimes (especially by small-scale, traditional producers), the maple syrup is treated with a very small amount of animal (cow or hog) fat, or a dairy product, such as butter or cream. Most modern producers use synthetic compounds in order to reduce foaming during production.
Used in: pancake syrup, breakfast cereal, candy.
Definition: The dry form of maple syrup.
Typically Vegan

maple syrup

Commercial source: vegetable. Sometimes (especially by small-scale, traditional producers), the maple syrup is treated with a very small amount of animal (cow or hog) fat, or a dairy product, such as butter or cream. Most modern producers use synthetic compounds in order to reduce foaming during production.
Used in: pancake syrup, breakfast cereal, candy.
Definition: A tree-derived sweetener in liquid form.
Typically Vegan

Product information: Spring Tree, Maple Groves, and Holsum Foods brands of pancake syrups do not use an animal-derived defoaming agent during their production.

methyl paraben

Also known as: Methyl-p-hydroxybenzoate.
Commercial Source: synthetic.
Used in: diet foods, fats, oils, frozen desserts, milk products, baked goods, jelly and preserves.
Definition: A common food preservative.
Vegan

mineral oil

Also known as: white oil.
Commercial source: synthetic.
Used in: pill and flavor capsules.
Used on: fruits and vegetables.
Definition: A very refined and purified petroleum product commonly used as a produce coating.
Vegan

modified foodstarch

See modified starch.

modified starch

Commercial source: vegetable.
Used in: desserts, pie fillings, sauces, gravies.
Example: maltodextrin.
Definition: Starch (typically from corn) which has been chemically and physically altered. Animal-derived oleic acid is often used in the manufacture of adipic acid, the latter of which is a common chemical used to modify the starch.
May Be Non-Vegetarian

molasses

Commercial source: vegetable.
Used in: baked goods, confections, ice cream, medicines.
Definition: A thick brown syrup which is a by-product of the sugar cane and sugar beet industries. Molasses intended for human consumption has not been filtered through bone char.
Vegan

monoglyceride

Commercial source: vegetable, synthetic, or animal (cow- or hog-derived).
Used in: bakery products, beverages, ice cream, chewing gum, shortening, whipped toppings, margarine, confections.
Definition: A common food additive used to blend together ingredients, such as oil and water, which normally do not blend together.
Typically Vegan

Production information: Archer Daniels Midland Co., a large manufacturer of monoglycerides, reports that they use soybean oil

monosodium glutamate (MSG)

Also known as: Accent, Zest.
Commercial source: mineral-vegetable.
Exists in: seaweed, soybeans, sugar beets.
Used in: condiments, dry mixes, pickles, soups, candy, baked goods, meat and spice flavorings, canned vegetables, bouillon, processed fish, frozen foods, canned meat, salad dressings, mayonnaise, potato chips.
Definition: A common flavor enhancer.
Vegan

Production information: Ajinomoto USA, Inc. and Archer Daniels Midland Co., two large manufacturers of MSG, use corn-derived glucose as their carbohydrate source.

MSG

See monosodium glutamate.

myristic acid

Also known as: n-tetradecanoic acid.
Commercial source: Typically animal (cow- or sheep-derived).
Exists in: most animal and vegetable fats.
Used in: butter, butterscotch, chocolate, cocoa and fruit flavorings for beverages, ice cream, candy, gelatin desserts, baked goods.
Definition: A component of fats used in the food and personal care products industries.
Typically Non-Vegetarian